HEBR 222: Readings in OT Prophetic Books and Wisdom Literature,
Spring 2004. Syllabus. RJDKnauth
Class time: T/Th 3:10-5:00 pm, D-320. Office hours MWF 3:00-5:00 pm, T/Th 9:30-11:30 am, in D-320.
Telephone: (570) 321-4298 (xGAYT); home: (570) 326-3822 (h). Email: email@example.com
A critical reading of the Hebrew text of selected prophetic and wisdom portions of the Old Testament, with special attention being given poetic structure and grammar as well as to exegetical questions. The purpose of this course will be to develop and practice your ability to read and understand biblical Hebrew poetic texts. We will continue to develop a basic working vocabulary with a goal of mastering words occurring 50 times or more in the Hebrew Bible (section 4 in Mitchel), and working down from there to 30 occurrences (section 5K). We will also discuss unusual points of grammar that come up in the readings, and continue to become familiar with the standard research tools and references for biblical Hebrew language and grammar. Finally, as time permits, we will discuss larger issues of theology, historical background and scholarly criticism in relation to the texts we read using a standard exegetical approach. Prerequisite HEBR 221 or equivalent.
Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS)
Mitchel, Vocabulary for Biblical Hebrew (you may also find Vocabulary Cards helpful)
Indispensable References (available in library, but
Kittel, Biblical Hebrew (available with audio cassette and answer key)
Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, Gesenius, Kautzsch and Cowley (GKC)
(other Hebrew grammars you may consult in my office: Jouon, Waltke, Williamson, Lambdin)
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon (BDB)
A Readerís Hebrew-English Lexicon..., Armstrong, Busby and Carr (ABC)
NIV Interlinear Old Testament or Hendricksonís Interlinear Bible
Englishmanís Hebrew Concordance
New American Standard Exhaustive Concordance (w/ "Strong" numbers)
The Bible (any English version, complete)
references (available in the
Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture, Brevard Childs (on reserve)
Understanding the Old Testament, Bernhard Anderson (on reserve)
Who Wrote the Bible?, Richard Friedman (on reserve)
Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Emanuel Tov (in my office)
The Anchor Bible Dictionary (in reference section)
Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible (in reference section)
These will point the reader to further useful bibliography.
Attendance and Participation, readings having been prepared: 10%
of final grade.
Each set of 2 absences and/or lack of preparedness lowers your final grade by 1%.
2) Reading logs should be prepared for the readings for each session. Logs will be spot-checked, discussed in class, and collected en mass at the conclusion of the course: 10% of final grade. They will be evaluated on a "good faith effort" basis.
3) Weekly Vocabulary Quizzes (usually at start of class on Thursdays). In addition to assigned sections of Mitchel, students will be responsible for words in ABC for prepared texts down to 30 occurrences. 15 quizzes plus logged time in computer vocabulary drill, worth 20% of the final grade.
4) Two Short Translation Tests: worth 10% each.
5) Two Short Research Projects incorporating substantive linguistic issues: worth 10% each.
6) Final Exam (Translation): Take-home portion = 10%; In-class portion=10% (Total 20%).
Schedule of Classes:
Minor Prophets - Haggai
Prepare Haggai 1-2.
Review Vocabulary in Mitchel Section 1(A-D), Learn 5A. Review major points of grammar for verbs.
T (Jan. 13)- Go over old exams. Review basic grammar and use of grammars (GKC, Williamson).
Th (Jan. 15)- Prepare Haggai 1-2 (w/ log). Quiz 1 on Vocab 1A-D, 5A.
Minor Prophets - Malachi
Prepare Malachi 1-4.
Review Vocabulary 2A-E, Learn 5B. Review Imperatives.
T (Jan. 20)- Prepare Malachi 1-2.
Th (Jan. 22)- Prepare Malachi 3-4. Quiz 2 on Vocab 2A-E, 5B.
Minor Prophets - Joel, Obadiah
Prepare Joel 1-3 and Obadiah.
Review Vocabulary 3A-D, Learn 5C. Review Pronouns and Pronominal Suffixes.
T (Jan. 27)- Prepare Joel 1-2.
Th (Jan. 29)- Prepare Joel 3 + Obadiah. Quiz 3 on Vocab 3A-D, 5C.
Minor Prophets - Zechariah
Prepare Zechariah 1-6.
Review Vocabulary 3E-G (>100), Learn 5D.
T (Feb. 3)- Prepare Zechariah 1-3.
Th (Feb. 5)- Prepare Zechariah 4-6. Quiz 4 on Vocab 3E-G, 5D.
Psalms of David
Review readings from minor prophets. Prepare 2Sam 22:1-23:7=Psalm 18; Psalm 19, 22.
Review Mitchel Vocabulary 3G, 4A-B; Learn 5E.
T (Feb. 10)- Translation Test 1.
Th (Feb. 12)- Psalms 18, 19, 22. Quiz 5 on Vocab 3G, 4A-B, 5E.
Begin work on Research Project 1: find topic (this will be the hardest part!).
Psalms of Ascent
Prepare Psalms 120-134.
Review Mitchel Vocabulary 4A, C-D; Learn 5F.
T (Feb. 17)- Prepare Psalms 120-127. Review Text Criticism and BHS apparatus.
Th (Feb. 19)- Prepare Psalms 128-134. Quiz 6 on Vocab 4A, C-D, 5F.
Research Project 1 Proposal due.
Prepare Proverbs 7-9, 31.
Review Mitchel Vocabulary 4B, E-F; Learn 5G.
T (Feb. 24)- Proverbs 7-8.
Th (Feb. 26)- Proverbs 9, 31. Quiz 7 on Vocab 4B, E-F, 5G.
Spring Break! Review Mitchel Vocabulary 5A-G. Work on Research Project!
The Song of Songs (Song of Solomon, Canticles)
Prepare Song of Songs ch. 1-4.
Review Mitchel Vocabulary 4C, G-H; Learn 5H.
T (Mar. 9)- Song of Songs 1-2. Quiz 8 on Vocab 5A-G.
Th (Mar. 11)- Song of Songs 3-4. Quiz 9 on Vocab 4C, G-H, 5H.
Song of Songs continued
Prepare Song of Songs ch. 5-8.
Review Mitchel Vocabulary 4D, I-J; Learn 5I.
T (Mar. 16)- Song of Songs 5-6. Research Project 1 due Tuesday at midnight.
Th (Mar. 18)- Song of Songs 7-8. Quiz 10 on Vocab 4D, I-J, 5I.
Review Psalms, Proverbs, Song of Songs. Prepare Isaiah 40-42.
Review Mitchel Vocabulary 4E, J-K; Learn 5J.
T (Mar. 23)- Translation Test 2.
Th (Mar. 25)- Prepare Isaiah 40-42. Quiz 11 on Vocab 4E, J-K, 5J.
Begin work on Research Project 2. Find a Topic (this will be the hardest part)!
Week 11: Isaiah
Prepare Isaiah 43-48.
Review Mitchel Vocabulary 4F-I; Learn 5K.
T (Mar. 30)- Prepare Isa 43-45.
Th (April 1)- Prepare Isa 46-48. Quiz 12 on Vocab 4F-I, 5K.
Research Project 2 Proposal Due!
Week 12: Isaiah
Prepare Isaiah 49-54.
Review Mitchel Vocabulary 4A-K.
T (Apr. 6)- Prepare Isa 49-51.
Th (Apr. 8)- Prepare Isa 52-54. Quiz 13 on Vocab 4A-K.
Prepare Isaiah 55-60. Review Mitchel Vocabulary 5A-E.
T (Apr. 13)- Prepare Isa 55-57.
Th (Apr. 15)- Prepare Isa 58-60. Quiz 14 on 5A-E.
Prepare Isaiah 61-66. Review Mitchel Vocabulary 5F-K.
T (Apr. 20) - Prepare Isa 61-63.
Th (Apr. 22) - Prepare Isa 64-66. Discuss research. Quiz 15 on Vocab 5F-K.
Research Project 2 Due Friday at Midnight!
Final Exam to follow during Exam Week. Review Mitchel Vocabulary Sections 4A-K and 5A-K.
**"Reading Logs" should be prepared for each class session according to instructions in the syllabus saying "Prepare Exod __:__" (generally 1-2 pgs in BHS per session). In preparing the text, you may use any tools you like, including Grammars, Lexicons/Dictionaries, commentaries, English versions, etc. When reading in class, plan to use only the plain Hebrew text from BHS, plus ABC, plus your reading log. Your reading log should include any points of grammar (e.g. verb analysis/parsing, suffixes, etc.) that were not immediately obvious to you, and a basic English definition for any Hebrew word that you looked up in the lexicon. Be prepared to discuss these in class. You need not include words already in ABC unless you felt it necessary to look them up in BDB as well in order to get a better sense of their meaning. You may also note any grammatical constructions which you find to be unusual or especially interesting. The majority of most class sessions will be spent reading the biblical text with the aid of these reading logs, and discussing the points of grammar that you found to be difficult and have therefore noted in your logs. Please note that the ideal reading log would (eventually) be largely empty because your familiarity with the vocabulary (not including that in ABC) and grammar would allow you to read the text competently with minimal outside aids. In this case your log would consist only of those forms which are especially unusual or interesting, as you will find noted in GKC and other reference Grammars. Please do not write reams and reams. Less is better. Do NOT write out your English translation of the verse. The Logs will be collected en mass at the end of the semester and will be counted for 10% of your final grade on a "good faith effort" basis.
**Research Projects are due at midnight in the mailbox outside the instructor's office door (D-320), and should not exceed 5 pages. Since any papers delivered after 5:00 pm will not be received until the following weekday morning, any papers found in the box then will be considered to be on time. Any papers received after that, unless there is a serious excuse such as a major illness (with a note from the doctor), family emergency (with a note from parents), or other serious problem, will be penalized at the discretion of the instructor.