REL 113: Old Testament Faith and History, fall 2001.  Final Exam Review Quotes.    RJDKnauth

PENTATEUCH

Genesis

“I heard you in the garden and I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid.” (Adam) Gen 3:10

“The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” (Eve)

“My punishment is more than I can bear…I will be a restless wanderer on the earth; whoever finds me will kill me.” Gen 4

“I am going to put an end to all people, for the earth is full of violence because of them.  I am surely going to destroy both them and the earth.” Gen 6:13

“Leave your country, your people and your father’s house and go to the land I will show you.” Gen 12:1

“Oh Sovereign LORD, what can you give me since I remain childless?” (Abraham) Gen 15:2

“You are the God who sees me.” (Hagar)

 “That slave woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with my son.” (Sarah)

“Do not be afraid. God has heard the boy crying… Lift him up and take him by the hand for I will make him a great nation.” Gen 21

“The fire and the wood are here, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” (Isaac) Gen 22:7

“Drink, and I’ll water your camels too.” (Rebecca)

 “Isn’t he rightly named Jacob? For he has deceived me these two times…

Have you only one blessing my father? Bless me too!” (Esau) Gen 27:36-38

“Give me children, or I’ll die!” (Rachel)

“Now at last my husband will become attached to me, because I have borne him three sons.” (Leah)

“I am pregnant by the man who owns these. See if you know whose seal, cord and staff these are.” (Tamar)

“Now then, let your servant remain here as my lord’s slave in place of the boy; let the boy return with his brothers.” (Judah) Gen 44

“Don’t be afraid. Am I in the place of God? You intended it for evil, but God intended it for good…saving many lives.” Gen 50:19-20

Exodus

“He led the flock to the far side of the desert and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.  There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush… When the LORD saw that he had gone over to look, God called to him from within the bush, ‘Moses, Moses’ And Moses said, ‘Here I am.’ ‘Do not come any closer,’ God said. ‘Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.’  Then he said, ‘I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.’  At this Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God…” Exod 3:1-6 (Moses’ Call)

“I AM who I AM.  This is what you will say to the Israelites:  I AM has sent me to you.” Exod 3:14

“Oh LORD, I have never been eloquent…please send someone else to do it.” (Moses) Exod 4:10-13

“Who is the LORD that I should obey him and let Israel go?  I do not know the LORD and I will not let Israel go.” Exod 5:2

“This is what the LORD says: Israel is my firstborn son, and I told you, ‘Let my son go, so he may worship me.’  But you refused to let him go; so I will kill your firstborn son.’” Exod 4:22-23

“Sing to the LORD for he is highly exalted.  The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea.” Exod 14

“They gave me the gold and I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf!” (Aaron) Exod 32:24

 Leviticus

“The priest is to examine the mildew and isolate the affected material for seven days; if after 7 days the mildew has spread, then it is a destructive mildew; it is unclean.  But if the mildew has not spread, then he shall order that it be washed…” Lev 13

“Be holy because I, the LORD your god, am holy.” Lev 19:2

“Consecrate the 50th year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants.  It shall be a jubilee for you.” Lev 25:10

 Numbers

“Take a census of the whole Israelite community by their clans and families, listing every man by name, one by one…” Num 1

“The LORD bless you and keep you; the LORD make his face shine upon you and be gracious to you;

The LORD turn his face toward you and give you peace.” Num 6:24-26

 “What have I done to you to make you beat me these three times?” Num 22:28

 Deuteronomy

“Hear, O Israel: The LORD is our God, the LORD alone.  Love the LORD your God with all your heart, soul, and strength…” Deut 6

“Be strong and courageous, for you will bring the Israelites into the land I promised them on oath; I myself will be with you.” Deut 31

“And Moses the servant of the LORD died there in Moab, as the LORD had said, and he buried him in Moab.” Deut 34:5-6

 Some questions for pondering:

  What is the significance of the Biblical account of the great Flood and its background?

  What is the significance of the various “sibling rivalry” stories in Genesis.

  What is the significance and purpose of the plagues?

  What is the significance of the liberation from slavery in Egypt to later Israel (at least 2 aspects)?

  What is the background and significance of the “Consecration of the first-born” in Israel?

  What is the nature, purpose and significance of sacrifice in the Pentateuch?

  What is the significance of the complaining stories and the Wilderness Wandering traditions?


HISTORIES

*  Rahab said, “I know that the LORD has given this land to you and that great fear of you has fallen on us.  We have heard how the LORD dried up the sea when you came out of Egypt…for the LORD your God is God in heaven above and on earth below.” Joshua 2

*   “Choose today who you will serve, whether the gods your fathers served beyond the river or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you live, but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD!” Joshua 24:15

*   Deborah said, “I will go with you (since you insist), but the honor will not be yours; the LORD will hand Sisera over to a woman.”

*   “Jael went out to meet Sisera and said, ‘Come, my lord, come right in.  Don’t be afraid.’”

*   “Gideon said, ‘I will not be your king, nor will my son be your king… the LORD is your king!’” Jgs 8:23

*   “Spread the corner of your garment over me since you are a kinsman redeemer.” Ruth 3:9

*   “In those days the word of the LORD was rare; there were not many visions.  One night…the LORD called Samuel, and Samuel …ran to Eli and said, ‘Here I am; you called me.’ But Eli said, ‘I did not call; go back and lie down.’ …Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD: The word of the LORD had not yet been revealed to him.  The LORD called [again] and Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, ‘Here I am; you called me.’ Then Eli realized that the LORD was calling the boy.  So Eli told Samuel ‘Go and lie down, and if he calls you, say, “Speak, LORD, for your servant is listening.”’ So Samuel went and lay down in his place.  The LORD came and stood there, calling as at the other times… Then Samuel said, ‘Speak, for your servant is listening.’ And the LORD said to Samuel, ‘See, I am about to do something in Israel that will make the ears of everyone who hears of it tingle…’” 1Sam 3:1-11 (Samuel’s Call)

*   “Samuel said, ‘This is what the king who will reign over you will do: he will take your sons and make them serve… he will take the best of your fields and vineyards… he will take a tenth [of everything]… and you yourselves will become his slaves.  When that day comes, you will cry out for relief from the king you have chosen.” 1Sam. 8:11-18

*   “‘What have you done?’ asked Samuel.  Saul replied, ‘When I saw the men scattering, and you didn’t come… I felt compelled’ ‘You acted foolishly.  You have not kept the command the LORD your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time.  But now your kingdom will not endure; the LORD has sought out a man after his own heart and appointed him leader of his people, because you have not kept the LORD’s command.’” 1Sam 13:11-14

*   “Although you were once small in your own eyes, did you not become the head of the tribes of Israel?  The LORD anointed you king over Israel…  Why did you not obey the LORD? … Does the LORD delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obeying the voice of the LORD?  To obey is better than sacrifice, to heed is better than the fat of rams.  For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry.  Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has rejected you as king.” 1Sam 15:17-23 (Samuel rebukes Saul)

*   “This is what the LORD says: Out of your own household I am going to bring calamity upon you.  Before your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to one who is close to you, and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight.  You did it in secret, but I will do this thing in broad daylight before all Israel… You are not going to die, but because by doing this you have shown utter contempt for the LORD, the son born to you will die.” 2Sam 12:11-14 (Nathan to David)

*   “Then Absalom would say, ‘Look, your claims are valid and proper, but there is no representative of the king to hear you.  If only I were appointed Judge in the land! Then anyone who had a complaint could come to me; I would see that he got justice!’” 2Sam 15

*   “The king was shaken.  He went up to the room over the gateway and wept… ‘Oh my son Absalom! My son, my son Absalom! If only I had died instead of you – Oh Absalom, my son, my son!” 2Sam 18:33      

*   “The king answered the people harshly… and said, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s waist!  My father made your yoke heavy; I will make it heavier.  My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.’  So [Rehoboam] did not listen to the people.” 1Kings 12:13-15

*  “This is what the LORD, the God of Israel says: I raised you up from among the people and made you a leader over my people Israel.  I tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave it to you, but you have not been like my servant David, who kept my commands and followed me with all his heart, doing only what was right in my eyes.  You have done more evil than all who lived before you.  You have made for yourself other gods, idols made of metal; you have provoked me to anger and thrust me behind your back.  Because of this, I am going to bring disaster on Jeroboam... The LORD has spoken!” 1Ki 14:7-11

*   “Elijah went before the people and said, ‘How long will you waver between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow him; but if Baal is God, follow him… Get two bulls for us [to prepare for sacrifice], but do not set fire to it.  Then you call on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of the LORD.  The god who answers by fire – he is God.’ …Then they called on the name of Baal from morning till noon. ‘O Baal, answer us!’  But there was no response.  No one answered…  At noon Elijah began to taunt them.  ‘Shout louder!  Surely he is a god!  Perhaps he is busy, or traveling, or asleep...’” 1Kings 18:21-27

*   “He was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen, and he himself was driving the twelfth pair.  Elijah went up to him and threw his cloak around him.  Elisha then left his oxen and ran after Elijah. ‘Let me kiss my father and mother good-bye,’ he said, ‘and then I will come with you.’ ‘Go back,’ Elijah replied. ‘What have I done to you?’  So Elisha left him and went back.  He took his yoke of oxen and slaughtered them.  He burned the plowing equipment to cook the meat and gave it to the people, and they ate.  Then he set out to follow Elijah and became his attendant.” 1Kings 19:19-21 (Elisha’s Call)

*   “Jezebel said, ‘Is this how you act as king over Israel? Get up and eat! Cheer up. I’ll get you Naboth’s vineyard.” 1Ki 21:7

*   “This is what the LORD says: Have you not murdered a man and seized his property?  In the place where dogs licked up Naboth’s blood, dogs will lick up your blood – yes yours! … I have found you because you have sold yourself to do evil in the eyes of the LORD.  I am going to bring disaster on you.  I will consume your descendants and cut of from you every last male in Israel – slave or free.  I will make your house like that of Jeroboam…because you have provoked me to anger and caused Israel to sin.” 1Kings 21 (Elijah rebuking Ahab)

*  Naaman said, ‘Now I know there is no God in all the world except in Israel.  Please accept now a gift from your servant… and please let me be given as much earth as a pair of mules can carry, for I will never again make offerings to any God but the LORD.” 2Kings 5

*   “Then Athaliah tore her robes and called out, ‘Treason! Treason!’” 2Kings 11:14

*   “Hear the word of the LORD: The time will surely come when everything in your palace, and all that your fathers have stored up until this day, will be carried off to Babylon.  Nothing will be left, says the LORD.  And some of your descendants, your own flesh and blood, that will be born to you, will be taken away, and they will become eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.” 2Kings 20 (Isaiah rebuking Hezekiah)

*   “Hilkiah the high priest said … ‘I have found the Book of the Law in the temple of the LORD’ and he gave it to Shaphan, who read it… Then Shaphan the secretary informed the king, ‘Hilkiah the priest has given me a book.’ And Shaphan read from it in the presence of the king.  When the king heard the words of the Book of the Law, he tore his robes, and gave these orders to Hilkiah the priest… ‘Go and inquire of the LORD for me and for the people and for all Judah about what is written in this book that has been found.  Great is the LORD’s anger that burns against us because our fathers have not obeyed the words of this book; they have not acted in accordance with all that is written there concerning us.’” 2Kings 22:8-13

 

*  “This is what Cyrus king of Persia says: ‘The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and has appointed me to build a temple for him at Jerusalem in Judah.  Let anyone of his people among you… go up to Jerusalem in Judah and  (re-)build the temple of the LORD, the God of Israel.’” Ezra 1:2-3

*  “Ezra the priest brought the Law before the assembly…  He read it aloud from daybreak till noon… in the presence of the men, women and all who could understand.  And all the people listened attentively to the Book of the Law…  The Levites instructed the people in the Law while the people were standing there.  They read from the book of the Law of God, making it clear and giving the meaning so that the people could understand what was being read.”  Nehemiah 8

WRITINGS

 “…The God we serve is able to save us… but even if he does not, we want you to know, O king, that we will not serve your gods or worship the image of gold you have set up.” Daniel

“I saw in my vision by night the four winds of heaven stirring up the great sea, and four great beasts came up out of the sea…  As I watched, its wings were plucked off… and a human mind was given to it…” Daniel

“Do not think that because you are in the king’s house you alone of all the Jews will escape. 
For if you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance for the Jews will arise from another place,
but you and your father’s family will perish. 
Who knows? Perhaps you have come to royal dignity for just such a time as this.” Esther

“Your lips are like a scarlet ribbon; your mouth is lovely. 
Your temples behind your veil are like the halves of a pomegranate. 
Your neck is like the tower of David, built with elegance…” Song of Songs

“Set me as a seal upon your heart, as a seal upon your arm,
For love is as strong as death, passion fierce as the grave…
Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it…” Song of Songs

 “The heaven declare the glory of God, the skies proclaim his handiwork;
Day after day they pour forth speech, night after night they display knowledge…
In the heavens he has pitched a tent for the sun, which is like a bridegroom coming forth from his pavilion,
Like a champion rejoicing to run his course; It rises at one end of the heavens and makes its circuit to the other,
And nothing is hidden from its heat.  The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul…
May the words of my mouth and the meditations of my heart be pleasing in your sight O LORD, my rock and my redeemer.” Psalm 19

“Praise the LORD! Sing to the LORD a new song, his praise in the assembly of saints…” Psalms

“The righteous are kept safe; the wicked suddenly fall.” 
“The fool multiplies nonsense; the wise man controls his tongue.” 
“The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom…” Proverbs

“A capable wife who can find? She is far more precious than jewels…
She considers a field and buys it; with the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard.
She girds herself with strength and makes her arms strong.” Proverbs 31

“I saw all the deeds that are done under the sun; and see, all is vanity and a chasing after wind.” Eccl.

“I know that my Redeemer lives, and that he shall stand on the last day upon the earth…
And though worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh will I see God!”   Job

“Then the LORD answered out of the whirlwind:
‘Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge? …
Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth?’” Job


PROPHETS

“I saw the LORD seated on a throne, high and exalted, and the train of his robe filled the temple.  Above him were seraphs, each with six wings…and they were calling to each other: ‘Holy, holy, holy is the LORD Almighty, heaven and earth are full of his glory.’  At the sound of their voices the doorposts and thresholds shook and the temple was filled with smoke. ‘Woe to me!’ I cried. ‘I am ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the LORD Almighty.’ Then one of the seraphs flew to me with a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with tongs from the altar.  With it he touched my mouth and said, ‘See, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away and your sin atoned for.’  Then I heard a voice of the Lord saying, ‘Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?’ And I said, ‘Here am I. Send me!’” Isaiah 6 (Isaiah’s Call)

* “Comfort, comfort my people… Speak tenderly to Jerusalem…  Her sin has been paid for…” Isaiah 40

 

“The word of the LORD came to me, saying, ‘Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations.’ ‘Ah Sovereign LORD,’ I said, ‘I do not know how to speak; I am only a child.’  But the LORD said to me, ‘Do not say, “I am only a child.”  You must go to everyone I send you to and say whatever I command you.  Do not be afraid of them, for I am with you and will rescue you,’ declares the LORD.  Then the LORD reached out his hand and touched my mouth and said to me, ‘Now, I have put my words in your mouth.  See today I appoint you over nations and kingdoms to uproot and tear down, to destroy and overthrow, to build and to plant.’” (Jeremiah’s Call)

* “I will make a new covenant with Israel… I will put my law in their hearts… they will all know me, from the least to the greatest… For I will forgive their sins…” Jeremiah

 

“…This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD.  When I saw it, I fell facedown, and I heard the voice of one speaking.  He said to me, ‘Son of man, stand up on your feet and I will speak to you.’  As he spoke, the Spirit came into me and raised me to my feet, and I heard him speaking to me.  He said: ‘Son of man, I am sending you to the Israelites, to a rebellious nation that has rebelled against me…Do not be afraid of them or their words, do not be afraid though briers and thorns are all around you… You must speak my words to them, whether they listen or not, for they are rebellious… Open your mouth and eat what I give you.’ Then I looked, and I saw a hand stretched out to me.  In it was a scroll, which he unrolled before me.  On both sides of it were written words of lament, mourning and woe.  He said to me, ‘Son of man, eat this scroll I am giving you and fill your stomach with it; then go and speak to the house of Israel.’  So I opened my mouth and he gave me the scroll to eat... It tasted as sweet as honey in my mouth…” (Ezekiel’s Call)

* “‘Son of man, can these bones live?’ ‘O LORD, you know!’ ‘Prophesy to the bones.’” Ezekiel

 

“I am not a prophet or the son of a prophet, but a shepherd and a pruner of sycamore-fig trees.  But the LORD took me from tending the flock and said to me, ‘Go, prophesy to my people Israel.’…” (Call of Amos)

* “Hear this you cows of Bashan… who oppress poor and crush the needy… who turn justice into bitterness… You trample on the poor… You oppress the righteous and take bribes…” Amos

 

“Why are you silent while the wicked swallow up those more righteous than themselves?” Habakkuk

 

Repeated refrains:  “Give careful thought….”   “I am with you!”    “Be strong!” Haggai

 

“They shall beat their swords into plowshares… nation shall not lift up sword against nation…” Micah

“What does the LORD require? Act justly! Love mercy! Walk humbly with your God!” Micah

 

“Your sons and daughters shall prophesy, old men dream dreams, young men see visions.” Joel

“Rend your hearts and not your garments!” Joel

 

“The Sun of Righteousness will rise with healing in his wings.” Malachi

 

“The word of the LORD came to [him]: ‘Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come put before me.’ But [he] ran away from the LORD and headed for Tarshish.  He went down to Joppa, where he found a ship bound for that port. After paying the fare, he went aboard and sailed for Tarshish to flee from the LORD…” (Jonah’s Call)

* “Do you have a right to be angry about the vine? You have been concerned about this vine,
though you did not tend it or make it grow.  It sprang up overnight and died overnight. 
But Nineveh has more than 120,000 people who cannot tell their right hand from their left, and also many cattle.
Should I not be concerned about that great city?” Jonah

 

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